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Lesson 18: It wasn't quiet.

This lesson is a continuation of Lesson 15. Recall that Lesson 15 dealt with な adjectives. First let's review some な adjectives.

しずか (な) quiet
げんき (な) healthy/energetic
かんたん (な) easy/brief/simple
へん (な) strange

So, for example we can make the following sentence:

しずかです。. It's quiet.

Now we need to think back to Lesson 1. Recall that we introduced two forms for negating nouns.

For example:

It's not a cat.
ねこじゃないです。  It's not a cat.

The way to negate な adjectives is the same as for nouns.


It's not quiet.
It's not simple.

Easy enough? Now let's go back again; this time we need to go to Lesson 8. Recall that we introduced the way to say 'was' and 'wasn't.'

Example from Lesson 8:

It was a book.
ほんではありませんでした。 It wasn't a book.

Again, the way to make na adjectives past tense or negative past tense is the same as nouns.


It wasn't quiet.
It was simple.

These adjectives can still be used to modify nouns. Recall from Lesson 15 that when na adjectives come before a noun they need to have na after them.


しずかなへや quiet room
かんたんなもんだい simple problem

Now we can make our sentences as we normally would with plain nouns.


しずかなへやでした It was a quiet room.
かんたんなもんだいではありませんでした。 It was not a simple problem.

Lesson 18 Vocabulary:

しずか (な) quiet
げんき (な) healthy/energetic
かんたん (な) easy/brief/simple
へん (な) strange
へや room
もんだい problem
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