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At the Hospital

Hospital Departments Shinryo ka
Emergency Room kyuumei sentaa

Internal Medicine

Surgery geka
Cardiology junkankika
Respiratory Medicine kokyuukika
Orthopedic Surgery seikeigeka
Gastroenterology (stomach, liver, digestion) shoukakika
Proctology koumonka
Urology (kidneys) hinyoukika
Radiology houshasenka
Gynecology sanfujinka
Pediatrics shounika
Ophthalmology (eyes) ganka
Plastic Surgery keiseigeka
Dentistry shika
Otolaryngology (ears, nose, throat) jibiinkouka
Neurology shinkeinaika
Neurosurgery noushinkeigeka
Psychiatry seishinka
Dermatology (skin) hifuka
Anesthesiology masuika

People in the Hospital Japanese
doctor isha
nurse kangoshi
dentist haisha
surgeon gekai
patient kanja

Other Hospital Vocabulary Japanese
be hospitalized nyuuin suru
be discharged from a hospital tai'in suru
hospitilization nyuuin

In Japan there are public hospitals (byouin) and private clinics (i-in). The clinics are often located near (or next to) a pharmacy. For serious illnesses it is recommended you go to a hospital, not a clinic.
Most doctors in Japan specialize in only one or two types of health care. There are very few general practitioners. When you arrive at a hospital, you will generally be asked which department you need to go to. If you don't know which section covers your ailment, then consult with the staff at the front desk.
Doctors are called sensei, the title for teachers and professors.
When the Japanese measure body temperature (taion), they put the thermometer in their armpit (waki) unlike some countries, where people put it in their mouths.
If you are hospitalized, you must bring all your own supplies (blanket, toothbrush, tissues, etc.) with you to the hospital as none will be provided. You are also expected to have your own family clean your sheets, etc. during your stay.
There is no room '4' in most hospitals because 4 can be read shi which also means death. (Not exactly a pleasant thought when you're in the hospital.) 

To learn more about types of medicine click here.
To learn more about specific health problems click here.
To learn about parts of the body click here.
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